Shirovirechan nasya dravyas in Apamarg tanduliya adhyay
The first reference for shirovirechan in Charak samhita comes in the second adhyay, the Apamarg tanduliya adhyay. The apamarg tanduliya adhyay gets its name itself from the first dravya in the list of shirovirechan dravyas, Apamarg .
Shirovirechan is indicated for heaviness in head, headache, sinusitis, migraine, krimi vyadhi, Epilepsy, loss of smelling ability,pramoh ( disorientedness) etc.
The shirovirechan dravyas are mostly strong and pungent, and they are used when shodhan treatment is expected.They are used in a low quantity and with caution as they are not mild like shaman nasya dravyas.
In practice we mostly see Vacha, shunthi, Jyotishmati, Haridra,Ajmoda,Vidang , Chikkani used for shirovirechan, but there are lot more..
Following are the shirovirechan dravyas listed in second chapter of Charak samhita.
- Apamarg beej
- Big ela
- Shwet Aparajita
- Krishn Tulsi
- Fanijjhak ( Tulsi with small leaves)
- Shirish beej
These all dravyas are used together as a mixture,or half of them or as the vaidya thinks is useful. Dravyas can be omitted if Vaidya thinks it would not be useful for the patient or are not available.
I wonder why Vacha isn’t listed. As Apamarg is listed first it must be the most important, but I haven’t seen it being used.Vidang has got it’s way into Sutika paricharya too and even grandmas suggest to inhale it’s fumes to the Sutikas. Vacha Shunthi nasya is very effective to immediately give relief from shirogaurav and headache due to it. Haridra and Ajmoda are mostly used in the form of fumes for Sinusitis relief.
The information about shirovirechan dravyas comes at many places in Charak samhita, like here, again in Viman sthan Rogabhishagjitiy adhyay-
In this last chapter of Viman sthan the Rogabhishagjitiy adhyay, some more dravyas are added to the above dravyas, and they are classified according to the parts used.
- The fruits of Apamarg, Pippali, Marich, Vidang, Shigru , Shirish, Tumbaru, Peelu, Jeerak, Ajmoda, Vaartaki,Ela, Brihad ela, Nirgundi.
- The leaves of Sumukh, Tulsi, Kutherak, Gandir, Kaalmaalak,Pudina,Naak chikani,fanijjhak, haridra,shunthi, Mulak,Lashun, Jayanti, Sarshap.
- The roots of Ark, Alark,Kushtha, Nagdanti, Vacha, Apamarg, Shwet Aparajita, Jyotishmati, Gawakshi, Gandirpushpi, Awakpushpi, Vrishchik ali, Bramhi, Ativisha.
- The Kandas of Haridra, Shrungber, Mulak, Lashun
- The flowers of Lodhra, Madan phal, Saptaparni, Neem, Arka
- The Niryas or raisins of Devadar, Saral, Shallaki, Jingini, Asana, Hingu
- The bark of Tejowati, Dalchini, Ingudi, Shigru, Bruhati.